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OUR BIOREFINERIES

OUR EXPERTISE AND VALUE PROPOSITION

In collaboration with our partners we are aiming to develop a succession of biorefineries to make renewable fuel and diesel for a rapidly growing and legally mandated market. Our technology is based on waste biomass, the ligno-cellulosic biomass, and not the food chain crops.


Our biorefinery in Andalusia, SPAIN will be the first of an expected series of biorefineries. Additionally we have identified a number of promising sites to host future renewable fuels plants. We have three other sites under development in Spain and exploring two large sites in the USA.  These fuels significantly decrease greenhouse gas and other emissions, relative to fossil fuels.

The production of fuels and chemicals from ligno-cellulosic biomass is a nascent industry. So far only a handful of companies have built a commercial scale bio-refinery – mostly for the production of cellulosic ethanol. Bio-refinery projects are complex and capital intensive projects. Therefore it pays of to get advice and support from parties that have participated in those projects before.

As a result of our experience gained in developing our biorefinery production plants, we can offer the following services to independent operators.

  • Executing a feasibility study as a first step. Preliminary technology selection (pre-treatment; bio-conversion); energy and mass balances and an indicative business case are the deliverables of such a study.

  • Basic engineering will result in an engineering package; a CAPEX estimate. 

  • The EPC phase is the core of the project resulting in, in our case, an affordable plant commissioning, start-up and transfer to operations management.

  • And last but not least, securing funding is a pre-requisite to implement a successful bio-refinery project.

FROM FOREST RESIDUES TO RENEWABLE FUELS

We plan to significantly contribute to delivering impactful solutions that will help to contain climate change, especially through the development and implementation of industrial, but medium sized bio-refineries to produce biofuels and biochemicals. Our biorefineries will convert residues from forestry operations into renewable transportation fuels, and platform products for downstream chemicals that are the basis of the chemical industry. Currently, these chemicals are produced from fossil fuels.

BENEFITS OF THE FUEL

We make fuels from truly renewable resources. Fuels produced in this way can yield net greenhouse gas reductions of 60% and burn cleaner than petroleum-derived diesel and jet fuels, resulting in lower emissions of particulates, sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides, improving air quality.  Unlike some other renewable fuels,our fuels are fully compatible with current engines and fueling infrastructure, and they meet the blending standards of industry which has to meet the government mandated blending targets. Fuels made from eligible feedstocks that we use are eligible for the highest level of Renewable Identification Number (RIN) credits in the US under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). In the UK, Renewable Transport Fuel Certificates, RTFC, will apply to our renewable fuels. Other governments globally are working on similar fuel standards, expected to be implemented in the next few years.

AVAILABLE SUSTAINABLE RESOURCES

The largest potential feedstock for ethanol is lignocellulosic biomass, which includes materials such as agricultural residues (corn stover, crop straws, husks and bagasse), herbaceous crops (alfalfa, switchgrass), short rotation woody crops, forestry residues, waste paper and other wastes (municipal and industrial). Bioethanol production from these feedstocks could be an attractive alternative for disposal of these residues. Lignocellulosic feedstocks do not interfere with food security and are important for both rural and urban areas in terms of energy security reason, environmental concern, employment opportunities, agricultural development, foreign exchange saving, socioeconomic issues etc.

As evidenced by, for example, the US Department of Energy’s 2016 Billion Ton report, in the USA, there will be between 600m and 1000m dry tonnes/year of economically-accessible ex farmgate biomass by 2030 – enough to output almost 200 billion litres of bioethanol. The supply of biomass in such and larger quantities are repeated in other parts of the world - Europe, Russia, China, India, South East Asia, australasia, Latin America There are significant supplies of sustainable woody biomass in many diverse geographies around the world.